German art, architecture and design school of the interwar period
The Bauhaus was an integrated school for art, architecture and design founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar, Germanyin 1919. The Bauhaus curriculum included several innovative elements and its particular form of education, as well as many of the artists coming out of the school, heavily influenced art and architecture around the globe. Many former members of the Bauhaus were forced to leave Germany or chose to leave after the Nazis closed down the school in 1933. Several members of this group found a new home in the United States.