Bernard Rudofsky

(1905-1988)

Designer and architect who focused on the problems of everyday design

Bernard Rudofsky was an influential designer and writer who focused on designing goods and spaces for everyday use. Born in Moravia, he earned a Ph.D. in architecture in Austria. Prior to his emigration to the United States in 1941, he worked in several European countries as well as Brazil.

Rudofsky’s interests were wide-ranging and included architecture and urban design as well as fashion and various forms of modern industrial and product design.He first came to the United States on invitation from the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) as part of a design competition. He remained in New York City, and throughout the postwar decades organized several noted exhibits at the MoMA. He also taught at various institutions including Yale, MIT, and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen. In 1944, he spent time at Black Mountain College, which was at that time a center for emigré artists and modernist designers, including the Bauhaus‘s Joseph Albers.

In much of his work, Rudofsky challenged postwar design traditions and standardization practices, arguing for humane and practical design solutions. In this he found himself often at odds with the designs of American mass consumer goods by Raymond Loewy et al., but also with the at times overly rational design of modernist European designers, such as e.g. Ferdinand Kramer. Instead, Rudofsky explored what he considered to be alternatives to the Western (or transatlantic) tradition and looked to Asia and the Mediterranean world for inspiration. In the area of urban design he attacked the functionalism of postwar American cities and argued for a return to mixed-used streets and pedestrian plazas modeled particularly on Italian cities.

Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Bernard Rudofsky
  • Coverage 1905-1988
  • Author
  • Keywords bernard rudofsky, Designer, Austria, Museum of Modern Art, New York City, Black Mountain College, MIT, Yale, design
  • Website Name Transatlantic Perspectives
  • URL
  • Access Date June 25, 2022
  • Publisher German Historical Institute
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update July 29, 2018